You are currently viewing What is Digital Twin? – Part 2 | Standards & Requirements

What is Digital Twin? – Part 2 | Standards & Requirements

As we already explained the definition of the digital twin in the previous article if you have not read it follow this link => What is Digital Twin? – Part 1. However, in this part, we are going to talk about standards and requirement of Digital Twin in order to understand how to reach a digital twin.

What is the requirement of Digital Twin?

It’s hard to say what is the requirement of Digital Twin, nevertheless, according to Smart Cities Council Australia New Zealand (SCCANZ), a Digital Twin must ingest the following data sets:

    • Geometric and graphical data
    • Geospatial reference data
    • Asset attributes (natural, physical, social, economic)
    • Management data
    • Real-time asset performance and utilisation data.

Let say we have all the data set previously described, now what? How to utilise these data or what is the minimum capabilities of Digital Twin?

Digital twin needs to be backed by the ability to store live data flows from physical assets. To give an example, imaging a building or a room with a thermometer recording indoor and outdoor daily temperature analyse the data then send a request in real-time to the physical twin of the HVAC system to optimise and control indoor temperature. Digital twin it is the missing link between digital and physical environments where the digital affects physical and vice versa.

So according to this scenario digital twin “as a minimum” must provide the following capabilities:

Function Capability
Connect A live connection between the digital & the physical world that allows data to flow from the physical twin to a unified virtual environment
Integrate intelligently deliver meaningful information by analysing data from and across sectors
Visualise Ability to display real-time multi-source data across the whole project and asset operation lifecycle
Analyse Federated data sets from various sources can be processed, modelled, analysed and simulated to bring business objectives to life
Secure Having a security-minded management approach to data & information

Digital Twin Standard

Standards are a fundamental tool for every project from inception to completion and performance management, that would make them a necessity to scale Digital Twin opportunities. Currently, there are no standards for digital twin, yet there is a number of data standards that are relevant to Digital Twin. An example of that:

Digital Strategy PD8100

PD8100 Smart Cities Overview

PD8101PD8101 Smart City Planning Guidelines code for smart communitiesCode for Smart Communities Green Star Communities

Procuring & Managing


ISO37100 Vocabulary

BS ISO 37106ISO37106 Strategy

iso 30182 Smart City Concept ModelISO30182 Smart City Concept Model

PAS 185 SecurityPAS185 Security

Implementations ISO19650-1ISO19650:1 Concepts & Principles ISO19650-2ISO19650:2 Delivery Phase of the Assets ISO19650-3ISO19650:3 Operational Phase of the Assets ISO19650-5ISO19650:5 Security minded

source: SCCANZ


  • Digital Twin platform can give insights beyond what is currently exist in the built asset models.
  • Digital twin is a tool to aid better decision making.
  • Currently, there is no standard for Digital Twin.

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  • Mustafa is an Architect & Researcher in the Built Environment with a specialisation in Digital Architecture and Sustainability. He is expert in computer modelling, simulation, reality capturing technologies and Internet of things. Throughout his career, he designed domestic and non-domestic buildings. His latest research has focused on Digital Twin, Advanced Digital Technologies, simulation tools and VR/AR visualisation to support Built Environment Applications.

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